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Kaziranga National Park

Kaziranga National Park is a beautiful wildlife sanctuary declared as a forest reserve in the year 1908 and about 66 years later i.e in 1974, declared as a National Park of India.

Kaziranga National Park has a vibrant, well preserved and sustained ecology with versatile biodiversity. It is a place where wildlife roams freely and fearlessly, where a man can experience nature in its pristine form. Its breathtaking array of flora and diverse fauna adds value to the scenic beauty of the park. This makes it a very important and popular wildlife tourist destination of India,

In the year of 1985, Kaziranga National Park was declared as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO for its unique natural environment. Kaziranga National Park is most popular for its conservation efforts to save the endangered species like the one-horned rhinoceros in India. It is host to two-thirds of the world’s population of endangered Indian one-horned rhinoceros.

Kaziranga National Park was also declared as a tiger reserve in 2006, holding the highest density of tigers in the world – 1 per 5 sq.km. The park has a large breeding population of elephants, wild water buffaloes and the Swamp Deer. Apart from this, the park has been identified as an important bird area by Birdlife International Society as it is home to various species of migrating and inhabitant birds.

Other animals that can be spotted here are Chinese pangolins, flying squirrels, Bengal foxes, civets, gibbons, sloth bears and leopards. Along with animals, you’ll have different kinds of birds like eagles, hornbills and pelicans vying for your attention.

Apart from the wildlife, the park itself is extremely beautiful with water bodies and forests. The sanctuary is blessed with different kinds of vegetation which offers a splendid scenic sight. The landscape of Kaziranga comprises of an arduous forest, tall elephant grass, craggy reeds, marshes & shallow pools.

Surrounded by Brahmaputra River on the North and the hills of Karbi (known as Karbi Anglong) in the South, the park offers a marvellous scenic sight. The beautiful geographical environs of the park make it a paradise for wildlife enthusiasts and nature lovers. Kaziranga National Park is the place to go for a trip full of adventure into the best and most of what Assam’s nature has to offer. Today, Kaziranga National Park is one of the most famous and prestigious parks of India.

Where is Kaziranga National park located?

Kaziranga National Park is located in the northeastern part of India in the district of Golaghat and Nagaon in the state of Assam. Situated on the banks of river Brahmaputra, it covers an approximate area of 430 square kilometres of Assam forest.

The National Highway 37 passes through the park area and tea estates, densely surrounded by tea bushes. As one drives on this road, straying rhinos and wild elephants are visible near the highway.

How to reach Kaziranga National Park?

The park can easily be accessed through any part of the country or abroad, as the railway station and airport are not located very far.

Below is the detailed information to reach Kaziranga National Park-

  • By Air – The two nearest airport to the park is Guwahati International Airport and Jorhat Airport, located at a distance of 217 km and 97 km respectively. One can hire a taxi from both these airports to reach the park via well maintained and connecting roads. The Guwahati International Airport know as Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi International Airport is the best option to arrive by air from any corner of India or abroad. At the airport, either hire the taxi to visit the park directly or to reach the Bus stand at the Paltan Bazaar which is around 23 km from the airport. From Paltan Bazaar one can take the state-owned bus service or private bus to reach the park which will be cheaper than the direct cab or taxi.
  • By Train Furkating, located at a distance of 75 km from the park, is the nearest railway station to Kaziranga Park. It is well connected by many trains to the major railway stations like Guwahati, Kolkata, New Delhi, etc. Other railway stations which can be used by travellers are the Guwahati railway station and Jorhat railway station located at the distance of 240 km and 90 km respectively. Both these railway stations are the major railway stations of the Northeast railways. From the stations, you can further use the roadways to reach the park by hiring the taxi, cab or bus services.
  • By Road – The main entry gate of the Kaziranga National Park is located in a small town known as Kohora, which lies on the National Highway NH 37. Kohora is well-connected to all the major cities of Assam such a Guwahati, Tezpur, Jorhat, Nagaon, Golaghat, Dimapur etc. by the state transport buses or the privately run buses and minibuses. Local transport services also run joining Kohora to other nearby small towns. After reaching the nearest major cities like Guwahati and Jorhat from other parts of the country by the air or rail route. you can hire the cab/taxi or take the public buses to reach Kohora conveniently.

Kaziranga National Park is famous for which animal?

Kaziranga national park is famous for the one-horned Rhinoceros. The forest region of Kaziranga Park is home to world’s largest population of Indian Rhinoceros (1,855), Wild Water Buffalo (1,666) and Eastern Swamp Deer (468).

How many species of animals are there in Kaziranga National Park?

The park has a total of 35 mammalian species, out of which 15 are threatened species. Other species include elephants, sambar, gaur, wild boar, Indian muntjac, Indian grey mongoose, small Indian mongoose, large Indian civet, Bengal fox, golden jackal, sloth bear, etc.

The five most popular of the all the species are given the name as ‘big-five’ of Kaziranga. It is the collective name given to the group of the one-horned rhino, wild water buffalo, swamp deer, Asian elephant and the royal Bengal tiger.

The total population of wild cats in the park is 118. It is one of the few breeding grounds for feral cats, outside Africa. Rivers of Kaziranga are also home to the endangered Ganges Dolphin. The bird kingdom includes names like the lesser white-fronted goose, ferruginous duck, Baer’s Pochard duck and lesser adjutant, greater adjutant, black-necked stork, Asian openbill stork, Blyth’s Kingfisher, white-bellied heron, Dalmatian pelican, spot-billed pelican, Nordmann’s Greenshank, and black-bellied tern.
Three species of the vultures are found here – Indian vulture, slender-billed vulture and the Indian white-rumped vulture are also found.

What is the best time to visit Kaziranga National Park?

The best time to visit Kaziranga is between the months of November through April.

This is the best time for wildlife lovers to visit and explore the amazing wildlife that resides in the park. It is during these months that climate is most pleasant and appropriate for wildlife sightings.

When is the Kaziranga National Park closed?

The park is closed for tourists between 1st May to 31st October.

The state of Assam where this park is located attracts major rainfall due to Assam forest in the monsoon season starting from June till August. During these months, The Kaziranga National Park is flooded due to the pre-monsoon and monsoon showers. After the rainfall is over in August, the water starts receding in September and October, for the park to open for tourists in November again. The weather in November is pleasant and enjoyable.

Is Kaziranga National Park accessible in June July August September?

Kaziranga is inaccessible during June July August and September due to the onset of monsoon in all of North-east India and the Kaziranga National park region is no exception. During this season, the Brahmaputra basin is flooded and water reaches the Kaziranga National Park, therefore, the tourism remains shut. As the monsoons fade, the water starts receding and drying by October end. In November; the tourism again commences to the Park.

Monthly Weather in Kaziranga National Park

When the park opens for tourism activity in November, the climate is delightful in this region. Post-monsoon, the entire forest is enveloped in a green cover due to the rainfall. The water bodies are filled to the brim, and they are soothing to the eyes to watch. Till mid-December, the season is pleasant and considered as the best time to visit and witness the raw beauty of the park.

The onset of winter is from mid-December and lasts till mid-January.  During this period, the winter cold can be a bit harsh, and one needs to carry warm woollen clothes if you are sensitive to the cold temperature.

From mid-January to February, the weather is cold but not so harsh. It is pleasantly cold and visiting Kaziranga during this period can be fun and no extra preparation is needed.

The months of March and April are spring season months having a moderate temperature. During the day, the temperature is a bit warm, but it cools down nearing sundown. The tourism activity increases during these months as the weather is friendly for travel.
Many tourists believe that the best months to visit the Kaziranga reserve forest are November, February and April if you want to avoid the bitterly cold weather conditions. But, those who like the cold weather can explore the Kaziranga park in December and January as well.

Month Avg. Minimum (°C) Avg. Maximum (°C)
January 11 26
February 14 28
March 17 28
April 20 29
May 23 31
June 25 32
July 25 32
August 26 35
September 25 33
October 22 33
November 17 29
December 13 27

 

What is the Kaziranga National Park map ?

Kaziranga National Park Map

Wildlife Safari at the Kaziranga National Park

Kaziranga National Park park is open from November to April every year for the wildlife enthusiasts and nature lovers to visit and explore the amazing wildlife that inhabits in the park by using the safari services organized by the forest officials.

 One can opt for safari rides in the park in either jeeps or SUVs or elephant rides to get around the park. Safari rides by jeep or SUVs are the best way to roam around the area. Elephant rides are getting increasingly popular to move around the park, but they have to be booked in advance. Tourists can also cruise in a boat on the Brahmaputra along the park.

What are the birds and animals you can spot during the safari?

The notable list of animals you can spot here includes the Indian Rhinoceros, Indian Elephant, Wild Buffalo, Wild Boar, Sambar, Macaque, Sloth Bear, Indian Leopard and Black Bear The Kaziranga National Park is also home to a Tiger reserve that houses the very endangered Great Bengal Tiger.

Many varieties of migratory birds are also found here and the park makes a great spot for bird-viewing; This park is an absolute treat for bird-watchers and nature enthusiasts.

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